the Asian Longhorn Beetle probably hitched a ride to North America from Asia in wooden cargo crating in 2003, the beetle was found attacking trees in the Toronto area CFIA declared the beetle eradicated in April 2013 after five years of negative survey results in the quarantine zone. This was done to develop a comprehensive understanding of the beetle’s behaviour in the Canadian context, to be used for future detection, training, and management, ). ALB has a wide host range that includes tree species in 12 genera with maples (Acer spp.) Unless authorized by a Movement Certificate issued by the CFIA, the movement of these items out of the regulated area is prohibited. The urban areas of Southern Ontario are particularly vulnerable to pests such as the Asian long-horned beetle because they are where the majority of containers arriving in … After its first detection in 2003, the CFIA implemented an eradication program in 2004 to quickly respond to the threat of ALB. Adult Asian long-horned beetles, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae), were discovered in Ontario, Canada, in 2003 in the vicinity of a commercial warehouse. Its scientific name is Anoplophora glabripennis (Motchulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). © 2020 Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program, Due to COVID-19, the OFAH has modified operations. Moving firewood or other restricted wood products, even just a few kilometres, is a common way for invasive insects and diseases to spread. The eggs produce larvae and those larvae tunnel deep under the bark and feed on living tree tissue. All infested and susceptible host trees within 800 metres of the original detection site were removed and destroyed to prevent the beetle from spreading further. Further, healthy forests support tourism and recreation, so damage to the natural environment could negatively impact these industries aswell. ALB are shiny and black with prominent, irregular white spots, 2-4 cm in length. By November 2003 susceptible host trees were being removed from the area to eliminate possible ALHB habitat. During this period, their body changes from a larva into an adult beetle! (2012). Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium was not satisfied in the Adults leave a round exit hole, approximately 1 cm across (slightly smaller than a dime) in trees. Long, black antennae, one to two times its body length. Several native non-harmful beetles can be easily confused with ALHB, so take a close look at how to identify this beetle listed below. In December 2013, ALHB was detected again near Pearson International Airport. The brown spruce longhorn beetle spreads naturally and through the movement of infested material such as spruce firewood and spruce logs being shipped to mills. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Scientists now believe that EAB could have been present in Ontario up to 10 years prior to its initial detection. ALHB is a highly destructive wood-boring pest of maples and other hardwood trees including poplar, birch and willow. Asian longhorned beetle, Areas Regulated in Canada (t he Asian longhorned beetle infestation in Ontario was declared eradicated in 2013) Brown spruce longhorned beetle, general information, Canadian Food Inspection Agency; Emerald ash borer, Areas Regulated in Canada; European Gypsy Moth North America Quarantine Map; Ontario Specific Web Resources: There are restrictions on the movement of nursery stock, trees, logs, lumber, wood, wood chips and bark chips from trees identified as potential hosts of the ALB and firewood of all species in the regulated area (see map below). For example, in the City of Toronto, 42% of the street trees are preferred host species for the beetle and thus susceptible to its attack (City of Toronto, 2015). Never moving firewood, nursery stock, or other tree materials outside of regulated areas. In addition, another 12,500 nearby trees that were considered susceptible to infestation were also cut down and chipped, . Retrieved from: factsheet may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes. Replant removed trees with a native non-host species. Map: Iowa Tree Pests website (2017) Note: Please note that insects do not adhere to man-drawn borders on a map and as such they may be found beyond their listed 'reach' showcased on our website. In some cases, when an invasive species is first detected in a forest or urban area, it has already spread much further than expected, and it may not be possible to eradicate. The Canadian Forest Service assists the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) as well as provincial and municipal governments with eradicating the Asian longhorned beetle. We have a number of native beetles that look similar to the Asian beetle and one in particular – the Whitespotted pine sawyer beetle looks quite similar. If ALB is not contained, it has the potential to devastate Canadian forests, especially when combined with the damage caused by emerald ash borer and other invasive forest pests. Asian longhorned beetle (ALB; Anoplophora glabripennis) is an exotic wood-borer that poses a severe threat to natural and urban forests in North America if it is not eradicated and becomes widespread. When prevention is not possible, ‘early detection and rapid response’ is advocated as the best strategy to combat an introduced invasive species. As the name suggests, the success of this strategy depends on how early the species is detected, and how rapid and effective the response is. With firewood, remember: burn it where you buy it! The intentional removal of host trees from these regulated areas is a labour-intensive and expensive operation, however these impacts are only a small fraction of the potential economic, ecological, and social impacts created if the ALB were to permanently establish in Canada. The Asian longhorned beetle has been getting a lot of attention. Th… Asian longhorned beetle in the United States P6A 2E5 Asian Longhorned Beetle: Pupa. It is also recommended that potential host trees (maple, birch, poplar, willow, elm, horse chestnut, sycamore, katsura, mountain ash, silk tree, hackberry, and goldenrain tree) should not be planted within the regulated area until the ALB has been declared eradicated. Photo: Jason Dean, Flikr.comThe Asian longhorned beetle, which attacks a wide range of hardwood tree species, including the sugar maple, threatens the $100 million maple syrup industry in Canada. ), poplars (Populus spp. If you have found a suspect Asian longhorned beetle and/or its habitat, download and complete the following sampling protocols: When conducting surveys in accordance with this protocol, please contact the CFIA so all partner activities can be tracked as part of the national surveillance efforts. The Asian longhorned beetle is a black insect with white speckles that grows a long antenna. They range in size from 2 to 152 mm (less than 1 / 8 to about 6 inches). The photo shows a pupa inside a tree. 1, Eggs of the Asian longhorned beetle are white when laid. 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